By: Matanat Safarli
An all-powerful country is what keeps a nation alive and is the indication of its nation’s existence. In this regard, national leader Heydar Aliyev and his ideas had a significant and an indisputable impact on the development and strengthening of Azerbaijan. The years 1991-1993 are remembered in the modern history of our country as a period of arbitrariness, lack of restraint and unprofessional management. The return of our eternal leader Heydar Aliyev on June 15, 1993 was not only a political demand, it also became a social demand of the time. The great leader Heydar Aliyev fulfilled the rescue mission of the country and the people at the most excruciating moment. The great leader immediately started working to prevent the chaos and anarchy in the whole country, and as a result, he succeeded in a very short time. The nation and the state were saved from difficulties. The people’s wishes and dreams have come true. Glorious pages of Azerbaijan’s history were written. The return of the great leader Heydar Aliyev saved the country from the exposure of civil war, separatism, socio-political divisions and anarchy.
The presidential elections held on October 3, 1993 were the first steps on the road to liberation for the independent state of Azerbaijan. National leader Heydar Aliyev, after being elected the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan on October 3, 1993, unified people around the ideology of a single Azerbaijanism again. Azerbaijan effectuated its geopolitical opportunities. The peril of isolation from the international world was over. Our country has earned its rightful and deserved place in the world. If gaining independence was a prerequisite, the second and most substantial task was to preserve and develop it, and this became a reality thanks to the will of the Nationwide leader. Heydar Aliyev created the concept of our national statehood. The great leader held a briefing for local and foreign journalists in order to convey the truths of Azerbaijan to the world community.
The policy implemented in this area brought the republic out of the information blockade and the formed opinion about our country in the world changed in a positive direction. Specially, It was in such a complex political situation that Heydar Aliyev’s great potentiality became the guarantee of Azerbaijan’s independence. The personality of the national leader, his unique political management ability, charisma, determination, and foresight put an end to the crisis. Our people united around the ideas of Azerbaijan and Azerbaijanism. With the wisdom and assurance of the national leader, Azerbaijan began to thrive as an independent, democratic, legal and secular state. The problems and disputes that the republic faced were solved in stages. Tranquility and political stability have emerged. A fundamental turn has begun in socio-political, socio-economic, scientific and cultural life. The integrity, solidarity and national unity of our nation were ensured. It was the great leader’s affection for the people of Azerbaijan that he returned to power at the insistence of the people. The precious leader dedicated his life to the people and always said, “I have dedicated my whole life to serving the nation, and from now on I will follow this path, I have no other way. Love for the homeland, my people, my nation, the boundless love for the independent state of Azerbaijan and the Republic of Azerbaijan is the meaning and the scope of my life”. The foundation of the national ideology, which is the main pillar of the Great Leader, is independence, Azerbaijanism, statehood, democracy, national progress, and universal values, such as secularism.
A crucial aspect of the great leader’s foreign policy was to assure the high level of integration of our state into the international world. Thus, at the initiative of the glorious leader, cooperation with international organizations was established, and at the same time, actions were reinforced in the direction of implementing friendly relations and strategic partnerships with foreign countries. In this regard, multifaceted relations were instituted with the Islamic Republic of Pakistan.
Collaboration between Pakistan and Azerbaijan in political, economic, security, civilization, defense and other fields was consolidated. In October 1995, the President of Pakistan, Sardar Farooq Ahmed Khan Legari, officially visited Azerbaijan. Within the framework of the visit, a number of documents were signed between the two countries, including the Protocol on the establishment of the Azerbaijan-Pakistan Joint Commission between the Government of the Republic of Azerbaijan and the Government of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, and the “Agreement on Cooperation between the Republic of Azerbaijan and the Islamic Republic of Pakistan” was arranged.
On April 9, 1996, the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan Heydar Aliyev officially visited Pakistan. A number of papers were signed at this meeting, which gave special impetus to the development of relations between the two countries. The great leader Heydar Aliyev stated that the Pakistani state has always condemned Armenia’s military aggression against Azerbaijan. They accused Armenia as an aggressor. It is the result of these strong ties that Pakistan showed its strong support to Azerbaijan in the 44-day Patriotic War.
As a result of the policy carried out by the national leader Heydar Aliyev, Azerbaijan began to play an essential role in the geopolitics of the Caucasus and the Caspian region. Thanks to the wise policy conducted by the glorious leader Heydar Aliyev, on September 20, 1994, the first agreement on “Development of Azeri, Chirag and Guneshli (deep part) fields (ACG) located in the Azerbaijani sector of the Caspian and distribution of production” was signed. Later, this agreement was known as the “Contract of the Century”. This agreement presented many opportunities for foreign companies to sign new agreements in Azerbaijan. About the role of great leader Heydar Aliyev in concluding these agreements, President Ilham Aliyev said: “The “contract of the century” is an integral part of great leader Heydar Aliyev’s oil strategy, it is its inception.
Thanks to the courage and insight of Heydar Aliyev, Azerbaijan was able to present itself to the world. For the first time in history, foreign companies began to take part in the development of oil and gas fields in the Caspian Sea. Tens of thousands of new jobs were created as a result of signing the “Contract of the Century”. Thousands of companies in Azerbaijan act as contractors in the implementation of this contract. That is, the “Contract of the Century” has a great benefit.
This agreement, concluded at the initiative of national leader Heydar Aliyev, laid the foundation for a new era in enhancing the welfare of the people of Azerbaijan. With the signing of the “Contract of the Century”, a new national oil strategy in the history of the independent Azerbaijan state began to be implemented.
In general, after the great leader came to power in 1993, the development prospects of our country were prepared and established in all areas. As a continuation of his ideology and political course, Azerbaijan is one of the most advanced countries in the world today. Today, we, the whole nation of Azerbaijan and the Azerbaijanis of the world, owe our existence, our independence, our freedom to the return to political power of the great leader Heydar Aliyev, the founder of the idea of Azerbaijanism. Azerbaijani people will never forget these services.
The policy of statehood, which was founded by the great leader Heydar Aliyev, is successfully continued by President Ilham Aliyev in accordance with the current challenges and laws of the time. This is currently proven by the national solidarity of the Azerbaijani people and the provision of territorial integrity in the 44-day Patriotic War.
Writer is Employee of Nasimi District Organization of the New Azerbaijan Party.